March 23, 2011

Lectures in Dominican History Part 24

Lectures in Dominican history given in  1986 to Dominican friars of the Province of St. Joseph by Fr. John  Frederick Hinnebusch, O.P. of the Dominican House of Studies, Washington, D.C. Lecture 24 of 25. Audio, 62 min.

In Lecture 24 Fr. Hinnebusch discusses Dominican History in the 19th and 20th centuries, St. Francisco Coll, O.P., the Masters General, persecution of the Church and the fate of the Dominican Order in Europe, suppression of Dominican priories by hostile secular regimes, Vincent Jandel as a reforming Master of the Order, the renewal of the Dominican common life, regular observance and apostolic preaching, Lacordaire and the renewal of the Order in France, General Chapters, legislative and constitutional reforms, new provinces, the early history of the Dominican Province of St. Joseph in the United States of America, the Kingdom of Italy and the Papal States, Santa Sabina, the Angelicum, etc.

All 25 of Father Hinnebusch's audio lectures are now available in full on this site (and on Blip.tv) and on iTunes.


March 19, 2011

"Little Treatise on how to attend Mass" (1555)

Bartolomé Carranza (1503–1576) entered the Dominican Order in 1520, studied theology at Salamanca, participated in the Council of Trent (1545-1547), and became Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain in 1557. Below is the abstract of a recent translation of his "Little Treatise on how to attend Mass," originally preached at Whitehall, London, in the first week of Lent, 1555, before King Philip I and Queen Mary I of England.

"Bartolomé Carranza de Miranda’s ‘Little Treatise on how to attend Mass’ (1555): A Translation," by John Edwards, University of Oxford, Reformation & Renaissance Review  11 (2009) 91-120.

Published Abstract: "Presented here is the first English and annotated translation of the Spanish sermon on congregational participation in the Mass delivered by the Dominican Friar, Bartolomé Carranza. It was originally preached at Whitehall, in the first week of Lent, 1555, before King Philip I and Queen Mary I of England. The text was subsequently written down by the preacher at the request of one of those present, the Duke of Medinaceli, and published in Salamanca and Antwerp. After a lengthy historical introduction, bolstered by quotations from Scripture, papal and conciliar documents, as well as from the writings of patristic and medieval theologians, the text is divided into three parts, which reflect the phases of the liturgy. The first covers the service from the entrance of the celebrating priest to the Preface of the Canon of the Mass; the second continues up to the recitation of the Lord's Prayer, and the third discusses the conclusion of the Mass. Then follows a short guide to help worshippers unfamiliar with Latin to participate as fully as possible in the service. Carranza rejects the medieval practice of bringing private prayer books to church for use during Mass, and instead urges full participation, as far as the rubrics of the liturgy permit, in the activity of the priest and his assistants at the altar. He also expresses a preference for frequent communion by the laity, which some Catholic reformers were advocating in the mid-sixteenth century. Although first preached in England, the published text was evidently as much directed at the Spanish market, where the writer evidently hoped that a reform of Catholic practice would help stave off Protestantism as well."

See also by John Edwards, "Experiencing the Mass anew in Mary I's England: Bartolomé Carranza's 'Little treatise," Reformation & Renaissance Review 9 (2007) 265-276.

John Edwards and Ronald Truman (eds). Reforming Catholicism in the England of Mary Tudor. The Achievement of Friar Bartolomé Carranza. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2005.

The treatise begins in this way:

INSTRUCTION AND TEACHING ON HOW EVERY CHRISTIAN MUST HEAR MASS AND ASSIST IN THE HOLY SACRIFICE WHICH IS MADE IN IT, ACCORDING TO WHAT MASTER FRIAR BARTOLOMÉ DE MIRANDA TAUGHT AND PREACHED TO THE KING’S MAJESTY OF ENGLAND AND PRINCE OF SPAIN DON FELIPE OUR LORD, IN LONDON IN THE YEAR 1555, WRITTEN BY THE SAME [FRIAR] AT THE PETITION OF THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS DUKE OF MEDINACELI, DON JUAN DE LA CERDA, AND NOW REVISED AND CORRECTED BY THE SAME AUTHOR.

To the most illustrious lord Don Juan de la Cerda, duke of Medinaceli, marquis of Cogolludo, count of the Gran Puerto de Santa Maria, lord of the Towns of Deza and Enciso, [from] Fr[iar] B[artolomé], G[reeting].

Most Illustrious Lord,
    In all times past, since Our Lord Jesus Christ ascended to the heavens, the Sacrament of the Altar has been treated with very great respect, and Christians took great pains to know how to reverence the sacrifice which we make in the Mass. But those of us who live in this age have a much greater obligation to know this, and, knowing it, to treat it with greater respect, because of the irreverences with which many heretics are treating it now, which it is not appropriate to mention here. What we have seen with our own eyes, and heard from trustworthy people, is sufficient. And since the devil and his ministers have acted in contempt of this most holy Sacrament, more than in the times of our ancestors, we have an obligation to do more than they in reverence and veneration of it.
    For this [reason], preaching this Lent in the chapel of the King of England and Prince of Spain, our lord, I decided to inform and teach the Catholics who were gathered there with His Majesty about this sacrifice [and] how it is done in all Christian churches. And your Lordship, being one of these, after having listened, has asked and demanded many times that it should be published for his instruction, and for those in his household. And because I am obliged to obey such just commands, I set to work at once to put it into writing, and thus I send it with this [letter of dedication]. But I inform your Lordship that, knowing the manner and respect with which this sacrifice must be treated, you remain obliged to treat it from now on as you understand it, and if up to now you did it well, to do it better now. And if not, it will be a greater sin.

March 17, 2011

Irish Dominicans in Rome (1924)


Irish Dominicans at San Clemente in Rome, 1924. Fr. Michael Browne, O.P. (1887-1971), seated center right, joined the Dominican Order in 1903, was ordained a priest in 1910, and later became Master of the Sacred Palace (1951-1955), the 81st Master of the Order  (1955-1962), the first Irish Master, and Cardinal (1962-1971). He is buried at the Dominican plot in Tallaght, Dublin. Images from Leonard E. Boyle, O.P., San Clemente Miscellany I, The Community of SS. Sisto e Clemente in Rome, 1677-1977 (Rome, 1977) 226, 242.
Irish Dominicans, San Clemente, Rome, 1878

March 10, 2011

Communicating Christ's Word and His Love

Pope Benedict XVI on Saint Dominic and the adventus medius, the middle coming of Christ between the Incarnation and Second Advent, referred to by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux:

"The ministry of the two great figures Francis and Dominic in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was one way in which Christ entered anew into history, communicating his word and his love with fresh vigor. It was one way in which he renewed his Church and drew history toward  himself."

Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, From the Epilogue to Jesus of Nazareth Part II, Holy Week: From the Entrance into Jerusalem to the Resurrection (Ignatius Press, 2011) 291-92.

March 8, 2011

Lectures in Dominican History Part 23


Lectures in Dominican history given in  1986 to Dominican friars of the Province of St. Joseph by Fr. John  Frederick Hinnebusch, O.P. of the Dominican House of Studies, Washington, D.C. Lecture 23 of 25. Audio, 61 min.

In lecture 23 Fr. Hinnebusch discusses the sources for Dominican History in the 18th and 19th centuries, new editions of the Dominican constitutions, Dominican legislation and governance, the Masters General, Gallicanism, the Habsburgs and the Dominicans, the French Revolution, and the development of the Dominican Order in the modern period. 

All 25 of Father Hinnebusch's audio lectures are now available in full on this site (and on Blip.tv) and on iTunes.

March 7, 2011

March 7, 1274 - Saint Thomas Aquinas


video
Teletoulouse reports on the Feast of St. Thomas Aquinas and the Dominican Church in Toulouse.

March 5, 2011

Basilica di Santa Maria Novella

Scenes from the fourteenth century chapter room of the Dominican Priory of Santa Maria Novella in Florence.

History: In 1219, twelve Dominicans, lead by Giovanni da Salerno, were sent to Florence from Bologna on San Domenico's initiative to engage in intense preaching activity aimed at working against the "catare" doctrines that were common in the city. The friars, after taking refuge in the San Gallo hospital, moved to the San Gallo oratory in Pian di Ripoli and later, to the hospital of the San Pancrazio church.



In 1221, they finally obtained the small church of Santa Maria Novella, which had been consecrated in 1049, and they constructed above a preexisting chapel from the 9th century.

The iconographic plan of the complex pictorial decoration in the Chapter Room may be explained by identifying the intent of the whole, which is the representation of the role of the Dominican order in the church and in society, for the salvation of man, through the perfect imitation of Christ and in virtue of the science which derives from him and the preaching of the word of God in defense of the true Faith, to martyrdom. The theme was inspired by the Specchio della vera penitenza (Mirror of True Penitence), a collection of sermons given by the prior of the monastery, Jacopo Passavanti, during Lent of 1354.